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Second world war date in hindi

World War IIalso called Second World Warconflict that involved virtually every part of the world during the years — The war was in many respects a continuation, after an uneasy year hiatusof the disputes left unsettled by World War I.

The 40,—50, deaths incurred in World War II make it the bloodiest conflict, as well as the largest war, in history. Great Britain and France responded by declaring war on Germany on September 3. The war between the U. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman United States.

World War II

The tide of the war in Europe shifted with the Soviet victory at the Battle of Stalingrad February More than one million Soviet troops and tens of thousands of civilians died in the defense of the city, but the destruction of two entire German armies marked the beginning of the end of the Third Reich. The Red Army advanced from the east and effectively claimed all the territory under its control for the Soviet sphere.

The Allied armies converged on Berlin.

second world war date in hindi

Hitler committed suicide on April 30,and the war in Europe ended on May 8. Hundreds of thousands were killed in firebombings of Japanese cities, and the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August knocked Japan out of the war. By the early part of the German dictator Adolf Hitler had become determined to invade and occupy Poland. Poland, for its part, had guarantees of French and British military support should it be attacked by Germany.

Hitler intended to invade Poland anyway, but first he had to neutralize the possibility that the Soviet Union would resist the invasion of its western neighbour.

In a secret protocol of this pact, the Germans and the Soviets agreed that Poland should be divided between them, with the western third of the country going to Germany and the eastern two-thirds being taken over by the U. Having achieved this cynical agreement, the other provisions of which stupefied Europe even without divulgence of the secret protocol, Hitler thought that Germany could attack Poland with no danger of Soviet or British intervention and gave orders for the invasion to start on August News of the signing, on August 25, of a formal treaty of mutual assistance between Great Britain and Poland to supersede a previous though temporary agreement caused him to postpone the start of hostilities for a few days.

He was still determined, however, to ignore the diplomatic efforts of the western powers to restrain him.We use first and third party cookies to improve our service, personalize your advertising and remember your website preference. If you continue to browse, you accept the use of cookies on our site. For more information e. France prepares to defend itself against German attack through Belgium, whilst Nazi sympathisers are held to account in the US The Polish army surrenders to the Germans and the Soviets.

Stalin orders the execution of 20, Polish prisoners and 4, Hitler, who swore to destroy Communism has a history-making treaty signed with his worst enemy, the USSR.

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Hitler hammers home his simplistic nationalist slogans. He wants to make Germany the world power. German women recount stories of rape by Russian soldiers and reflect on the decadent Berlin of Cookies are very small text files that are stored on your computer when you visit some websites. We use cookies to make our website easier for you to use. You can remove any cookies already stored on your computer, but these may prevent you from using parts of our website.

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Banged Up Abroad: site. Breakout: site. You need to install or update your flash player. Your cookie settings Cookies are very small text files that are stored on your computer when you visit some websites. Select one of these options in order to change your cookie settings Strictly necessary and performance Functional.Here is a timeline of major events during the war.

Europe and Asia had been tense for years prior to because of the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Third Reich in Germany, the Spanish Civil War, the Japanese invasion of China, the German annexation of Austria, and the imprisonment of thousands of Jews in concentration camps. After Germany's occupation of areas of Czechoslovakia not previously agreed to in the Munich Pact and its invasion of Poland, the rest of Europe realized it couldn't try to appease Germany any longer.

The first full year of the war saw Germany invading its European neighbors: Belgium, the Netherlands, France, Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, and Romania, and the bombing of Britain lasted for months. The Royal Air Force undertook nighttime raids in Germany in response. Germany, Italy, and Japan signed a joint military and economic agreement, and Italy invaded Egypt, which was controlled by the British, Albania, and Greece. The United States shifted to a stance of "nonbelligerancy" rather than neutrality so it could find ways to help the Allies, and the Lend-Lease Act the exchange of materiel aid then for year leases on property to be used for foreign military bases was proposed late in the year.

Popular opinion still didn't want Americans in another war "over there. Italy may have been defeated in Greece, but that didn't mean that Germany wouldn't take the country. Then it was on to Yugoslavia and Russia. Germany broke its pact with the Soviet Union and invaded there, but the winter and Soviet counterattack killed many German troops. The Soviets next joined the Allies.

World War 2 Complete Story In Hindi - Hello Wiki

Also that year, Japan captured Singapore, which was Britain's last location in the Pacific, as well as islands such as Borneo and Sumatra. By the middle of the year, though, the Allies started gaining ground, with the Battle of Midway being the turning point there. Germany captured Libya, but the Allies started making gains in Africa, and Soviet counterattacks made progress as well in Stalingrad.

Stalingrad turned into Germany's first major defeat inand the North Africa stalemate ended, with the surrender of the Axis powers to the Allies in Tunisia. The tide was finally turning, though not fast enough for the people in the 27 merchant vessels sunk by Germany in the Atlantic in four days in March. But Bletchley codebreakers and long-range aircraft inflicted a serious toll on the U-boats, pretty much ending the Battle of the Atlantic.

The autumn of the year saw the fall of Italy to Allied forces, prompting Germany to invade there. The Germans successfully rescued Mussolini, and battles in Italy between forces in the north and south drug on. In the Pacific, Allied forces gained territory in New Guinea—to attempt to protect Australia from Japanese invasion—as well as Guadalcanal. The Soviets continued expelling Germans from their territory, and the Battle of Kursk was key.

American troops played a big role in battles to take back France inincluding landings on Normandy beaches that caught the Germans by surprise. Italy was finally liberated as well, and the Soviets' counterattack pushed the German soldiers back to Warsaw, Poland.

Germany lostsoldiers captured during the battle in Minsk. In the Pacific, Japan gained more territory in China, but its success was limited by the Communist troops there.The similarity in its cause and characteristics with those of the First World War were superficial.

Though the German invasion of Poland was the immediate cause for the outbreak of the war, the real cause were much deeper and varied in character. These were as follows:. Germany lost its port city of Danzing, which was given to Poland as a part of the Treaty of Versailles. The city was mainly inhabited by Germans. Poland was accused of committing atrocities against Germans living there. On 1st September,the German armies marched into Poland.

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France and Britain gave an ultimatum to Germany. In reply, Germany attacked France.

second world war date in hindi

On 3rd September, Britain and France declared war against Germany. Thus, the invasion of Poland marked the beginning of the Second World War.

German armies marched into Poland on 1st September, Germany after receiving an ultimatum from Britain and France, attacked France as a response. This led to both Britain and France declaring a war on Germany on 3rd September, Hitler invaded Russia in June, But the Germans failed, when the Soviets launched a counter attack. Japanese bombing of the Pear Harbor made the US join the war.

Battle of Berlin made the Germans blocked between the Britain and the Americans on one hand and the Soviets on other. Hitler, after the allied forces closed in on Berlin, committed suicide. Germans surrendered on 7th May, Japan finally surrendered on 2nd September,which marked an end to the war. Germany, Italy and Japan formed an alliance and were called the Axis Powers.The Second World War was a gigantic struggle that involved troops from every part of the world.

Fighting took place on several different continents and oceans, but the main theatres of conflict were in Europe and in the far east. The war did not come to an end everywhere at the same time, rather it ended in stages.

second world war date in hindi

In Europe, the beginning of the end came in when the Allies finally began to turn the tide against the Nazis and their collaborators.

In the west, Allied troops successfully invaded Sicily and southern Italy that summer. The following year, France was liberated after the D-Day landings, and the long, slow drive into Belgium and the Netherlands also began.

In most places, the arrival of Allied troops was accompanied by wild celebrations, because local populations understood that, while the conflict was still raging elsewhere, for them the war was over. In eastern Europe, the beginning of also marked the point when Soviet troops turned the tide against the Germans at the battle of Stalingrad.

Over the next two years the Red Army gradually drove the Germans from Soviet territory, and then began to push forward for the liberation of their neighbours. In contrast to western Europe, however, there were few celebrations at their arrival.

Some, like Hungary and Romania, had spent most of the war fighting against the Soviets as allies of Nazi Germany. Others, like Poland and the Baltic States, simply did not trust them. By the spring of the Allies had closed in on Germany from both sides.

Adolf Hitlerrealising that his cause was hopeless, committed suicide in his bunker in Berlin on 30 April. From that moment, events moved fairly quickly. A formal surrender of all the remaining German forces took place three days later, in the French city of Reims.

However, the Soviets did not recognise this event, so a final surrender document was signed in Berlin the following night, on 8 May. Once the war in Europe was over, the Allies could turn all their attention to fighting in the far east. Here, as in Europe, the war ended in stages. Over the next three years the Allies clawed their way back across the Pacific, liberating islands one at a time, often at great cost to both sides. By Februarythe Americans had finally made it to the fringes of Japan.

US Marines first set foot on Japanese soil at the remote island of Iwo Jimafollowed by the attack on Okinawa six weeks later.


Fighting on these two islands was so fierce, and so costly, that American leaders began to fear that the final defeat of Japan might cost them hundreds of thousands of casualties. In the meantime, the British, the Americans and the Chinese were fighting equally vicious battles against Japanese troops in Burma and central China.

In the summer oftherefore, American leaders sought an alternative way to defeat the Japanese. Despite some disagreement from the atomic scientists themselves, President Truman steadfastly believed that this was the only way to persuade the Japanese to capitulate swiftly.

On 6 August an atom bomb was dropped over the city of Hiroshima. In a matter of moments the entire city was destroyed, and around 78, people were killed instantly.Mediterranean and Middle East.

It involved the vast majority of the world's countries —including all the great powers —forming two opposing military alliances : the Allies and the Axis.

How and when did the Second World War end?

Tens of millions of people died due to genocides including the Holocaustpremeditated death from starvationmassacresand disease. Aircraft played a major role in the conflict, including in strategic bombing of population centres, the development of nuclear weaponsand the only two uses of such in war.

From late to earlyin a series of campaigns and treatiesGermany conquered or controlled much of continental Europeand formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japanalong with other countries later on. Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africaand the fall of France in mid, the war continued primarily between the European Axis powers and the British Empirewith war in the Balkansthe aerial Battle of Britainthe Blitzand the Battle of the Atlantic.

On 22 JuneGermany led the European Axis powers in an invasion of the Soviet Unionopening the Eastern Front, the largest land theatre of war in history and trapping the Axis, crucially the German Wehrmachtin a war of attrition. Japan, which aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacificwas at war with the Republic of China by Following a US declaration of war against Japan, which followed one from the UK, the European Axis powers declared war on the United States in solidarity with their ally.

Japan soon captured much of the Western Pacific, but its advances were halted in after losing the critical Battle of Midway ; later, Germany and Italy were defeated in North Africa and at Stalingrad in the Soviet Union. Key setbacks in —including a series of German defeats on the Eastern Front, the Allied invasions of Sicily and the Italian mainlandand Allied offensives in the Pacific—cost the Axis its initiative and forced it into strategic retreat on all fronts.

Inthe Western Allies invaded German-occupied Francewhile the Soviet Union regained its territorial losses and turned towards Germany and its allies. During andJapan suffered reversals in mainland Asia, while the Allies crippled the Japanese Navy and captured key Western Pacific islands. The war in Europe concluded with the liberation of German-occupied territoriesand the invasion of Germany by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union, culminating in the fall of Berlin to Soviet troops, the suicide of Adolf Hitler and the German unconditional surrender on 8 May Faced with an imminent invasion of the Japanese archipelagothe possibility of additional atomic bombings, and the Soviet entry into the war against Japan and its invasion of Manchuria on 9 August, Japan announced its intention to surrender on 15 Augustcementing total victory in Asia for the Allies.

In the wake of the war, Germany and Japan were occupiedand war crimes tribunals were conducted against German and Japanese leaders. Despite their well documented war crimesmainly perpetrated in Greece and Yugoslavia, Italian leaders and generals were often pardoned, thanks to diplomatic activities. The United Nations UN was established to foster international co-operation and prevent future conflicts, and the victorious great powers —China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States—became the permanent members of its Security Council.

The Soviet Union and the United States emerged as rival superpowerssetting the stage for the nearly half-century-long Cold War. In the wake of European devastation, the influence of its great powers waned, triggering the decolonisation of Africa and Asia. Most countries whose industries had been damaged moved towards economic recovery and expansion.

Political integration, especially in Europebegan as an effort to forestall future hostilities, end pre-war enmities and forge a sense of common identity. The war in Europe is generally considered to have started on 1 September[2] [3] beginning with the German invasion of Poland ; the United Kingdom and France declared war on Germany two days later. The dates for the beginning of war in the Pacific include the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War on 7 July[4] [5] or the earlier Japanese invasion of Manchuriaon 19 September Others follow the British historian A.

Taylorwho held that the Sino-Japanese War and war in Europe and its colonies occurred simultaneously, and the two wars merged in This article uses conventional dating. The exact date of the war's end is also not universally agreed upon. It was generally accepted at the time that the war ended with the armistice of 14 August V-J Dayrather than with the formal surrender of Japan on 2 Septemberwhich officially ended the war in Asia.

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A peace treaty between Japan and the Allies was signed in World War I had radically altered the political European map, with the defeat of the Central Powers —including Austria-HungaryGermanyBulgaria and the Ottoman Empire —and the Bolshevik seizure of power in Russiawhich led to the founding of the Soviet Union. To prevent a future world war, the League of Nations was created during the Paris Peace Conference. The organisation's primary goals were to prevent armed conflict through collective securitymilitary and naval disarmamentand settling international disputes through peaceful negotiations and arbitration.The triggering of the full-scale war with China that lasted until began with an obscure clash involving a Japanese unit on night manoeuvres near the Marco Polo Bridge southwest of Beijing on the night of 7—8 July Hardliners in the Japanese army used the incident to press for a settlement of China on their terms, while the Chinese nationalist leader, Jiang Jieshi, was unwilling to propriate Japan.

As a result, an intractable struggle began that greatly weakened both sides. Large-scale conflict broke out toward the end of July, and Beijing was occupied on 29 July. The German unwillingness to limit their war to the conquest of Poland and to launch meaningful peace talks meant that the Second World War broadened out.

Bad weather in the severe winter of —40, caution on the part of the German High Command, and the need for preparations, delayed the attack until May On 10 May, the Germans attacked Belgium and the Netherlands, both hitherto neutral, and invaded France.

second world war date in hindi

They successfully gained and used the initiative, while the French and British suffered from a failure to prepare for fluid defence in depth.

Victory led Hitler to a conviction of his own ineluctable success, and that of the Wehrmacht under his leadership. Thanks to this victory, the Germans would clearly be able to fight on, and any successful challenge to them would now have to overcome German dominance of Western Europe. The first concerted attack on British airfields was launched on 12 August The fall of France ensured that German airbases were now close to Britain. The Luftwaffe German air force was instructed to help prepare the way for invasion by driving British warships from the Channel.

However, Luftwaffe commanders were increasingly concerned to attack the RAF and its supporting infrastructure in order to prepare the way for reducing Britain to submission by a bombing war on civilian targets — a strategy that would put the Luftwaffe centre-stage.

Yet by Octoberthe RAF was victorious. The lack of clarity in the relationship between air attack and invasion affected German strategy, but there was also a lack of preparation for a strategic air offensive, notably in aircraft, pilots, tactics and doctrine. British fighting quality proved a key element in the German defeat, as did the support provided by radar and the ground-control organisation.

Hitler was confident that the Soviet system would collapse rapidly, and he was happy to accept misleading intelligence assessments of the size and mobilisation potential of the Red Army. He believed that the defeat of the Soviet Union would make Britain ready to settle and to accept German dominance of Europe.

On 22 June, German divisions, supported by 14 Finnish and 13 Romanian divisions — nearly 3. There was no realistic political plan to accompany the strategy.

The failure to knock the Soviet Union out that year left the Germans involved in an intractable struggle that was to lead to eventual defeat. The Japanese attack on the United States meant the conflict was clearly a world war. Japan could have restricted itself to attacking the British and Dutch colonies in South-East Asia, but, instead chose to also attack America in order to prevent it from opposing Japanese expansion.

This led to a surprise attack on the base of the American Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor on the island of Oahu in the Hawaiian archipelago. The Japanese planned to wreck the American Pacific Fleet.